Compile Node.js With NPM From Source - CentOS or Fedora
While it is generally recommended that you use the more traditional Node.js install methods, you may want to instead compile Node.js from source if you need more direct control over your Node.js environment or you want to use a custom-compiled version.
- A CentOS or Fedora Server.
- Root or sudo permissions.
- Update your repositories:
sudo yum update
- Install gcc:
sudo yum install gcc gcc-c++ automake autoconf libtoolize make
- Change to the optdirectory:
- Copy the Linux Binary from the Node.js download page, and use wget to download the package. Make sure to replace the highlighted portion with node's current version:
sudo wget https://nodejs.org/dist/v6.9.2/node-v6.9.2.tar.gz
- Extract the tar file:
sudo tar zxvf node-v6.9.2.tar.gz
- Now that our source code has been extracted, move to the node directory where the highlighted portion is the current version you downloaded:
Note: This folder contains raw files that need to be compiled specifically for your particular architecture and kernel. Most source code packages like this come with a bash script called "configure" that will create all these files and set the options for you.
- Run the configure script:
- Compile the code:
make will begin compiling the code. This will take 5-10 minutes or even longer depending on your server.
- Now that make is compiled, install it:
- Check the Node.js version:
- Check the npm version:
Note: If you don't receive any errors or warnings, the the configure script ran successfully.
If you see the versions displayed for node and npm, you have successfully compiled Node.js with npm from source. You can now begin installing node modules through npm.